Journal of Social Review and Development <p><strong>Journal of Social Review and Development</strong> is an international, open-access journal with rapid peer review, which publishes works from a wide range of fields, including anthropology, criminology, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, psychology, social policy, social work, sociology, humanities, social science, philosophy, international relations, public administration, social welfare, religious studies, visual arts, women studies, development studies, library and information science, linguistics, and so on.</p> Dzarc Publications en-US Journal of Social Review and Development 2583-2816 Rapid urbanization of Ikorodu town and the implications on the metropolitan form and space <p>The urban form of Ikorodu Town has been changing rapidly since the 1990s. This may be due to the evolving socio-economic configurations of the contiguous Lagos metropolis, which is rapidly integrating the Ikorodu town into its domain. This study was carried out to determine the effects of the rapid urbanization of the town on the landscape, the open spaces, the building clusters and the public spaces. The research was carried out by collecting primary and secondary data directly from the field and previous publications on Lagos state urban structure and projections. Four hundred questionnaires were also administered to determine the socio-environmental acceptability of the evolving form in comparison with the indigenous morphology of the town. Current cityscapes are depicted in photographs obtained from location by the authors. There is enough evidence to conclude that the core of the town is now congested. Apart from the major road network, there were no development plans to accommodate the rapid urbanization. The new layouts being developed by the state authorities are on the fringes of the town and have failed to address the undesirable metropolitan form and space. Development Control may be very challenging to enforce due to the customary holds on property unless there is an execution of eminent domain or state assisted gentrification on the heavily congested areas. Only then, can the urban systems become sustainable. The spatial dysfunctionalism can then be gradually addressed. The paper suggests the assessment and documentation of the city layout and land use with a view to developing a sustainable master plan that can be implemented. The organic urban form needs to be corrected and modernized. If there is need to adjust the existing land use pattern. It should be carried out to save the town and make it a sustainable city. All state efforts to improve the urban form must be inclusive.</p> Adenaike Folahan Anthony Kosoko Rukayat Abidemi Copyright (c) 2024 Adenaike Folahan Anthony, Kosoko Rukayat Abidemi 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 3 1 01 07 Construction of the societal development index (case study in Pancoran Mas village, Depok city and Dukuh village, Salatiga city) <p>Knowing the achievements of development can give an idea of the extent of the efforts that have been made by the government and the community. From a sociological perspective, a measurement tool is needed that can show the level of community development. This research aims to develop a Societal Development Index (SDI) that can measure the level of community development in Depok City and Salatiga City, focusing on the basic elements of community life. The data used were obtained using a mixed method by conducting surveys and in-depth interviews. Exploratory factor analysis was then used to construct the SDI. The research results show that three basic elements of society, namely social structure, culture and social processes, can form the SDI. The SDI score for Depok City was 78.97 and Salatiga City was 81.72. These results show that the quality of community development in Depok City and Salatiga City is in the very good category. In comparison, the SDI of Salatiga City is higher than that of Depok City. Cultural dimensions and social processes contribute significantly to the high SDI of Salatiga City. The three basic elements of society, namely social structure, culture and social processes, make different contributions to the SDI in both Depok City and Salatiga City. In conclusion, SDI can be used to measure and explain the level of community development. Sociologically, SDI can accurately explain the community development that has been implemented by analysing the conditions of social structure, culture and social processes.</p> Jeffry Raja Hamonangan Sitorus Paulus Wirutomo Indera Ratna Irawati Pattinasarany Copyright (c) 2024 Jeffry Raja Hamonangan Sitorus, Paulus Wirutomo, Indera Ratna Irawati Pattinasarany 2024-01-17 2024-01-17 3 1 08 16 Mindfulness, and bullying behavior tendencies among adolescents <p>This study aims to determine the relationship between mindfulness, and tendencies toward bullying behavior. This study uses correlational quantitative research methods. The number of samples in this study was 350. The sampling technique is non-probability sampling. Meanwhile, the measuring instruments used in this study were the Adolescent Peer Relations Instrument-Bully/Target (APRI-BT), and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). The results obtained show that mindfulness was found to be negatively correlated with the bullying behavior tendencies (r = -.147*). The limitation of this study is that it does not apply screening to respondents who can become research participants, so students who can become research respondents are not necessarily bullies. For further research, it is better to be able to show data on bullying as perpetrators or as victims, because in this study it does not show data on respondents as victims. Future research can also try to test the effectiveness of mindfulness training to reduce the tendency of bullying behavior in students because, in this study, it was proven that mindfulness is negatively correlated with the tendency of bullying behavior.</p> Teguh Lesmana Mutiara Mirah Yunita Kornelis Seralarat Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 3 1 17 22